Why Study Plants?
Knowledge of plants has always been useful to people. Wild fruits, vegetables, and nuts first became food sources thousands of years ago. They still are.
When people discovered how to grow their own plants, farming began. Edible plant crops made more food available to more people. People long ago discovered the value of plants in making medicines such as pain killers.
Today we understand and depend on the use of plants and plant products. Plant scientists are discovering more and more about plants. Young people can learn about plants and, someday, work at interesting and important jobs all over the world.
Botany is the branch of biology that studies plants. There are many people who work with plants including botanists, or plant scientists.
PEOPLE WHO WORK WITH PLANTS:
- Arborist the science of tree growing.
- Aroma-therapist knowing scents, or smells, of plants that relax, calm, and comfort people.
- Bryologist studying mosses.
- Herbalist using herbs to treat illnesses.
- Horticulturist having knowledge of the varieties of plants used in landscaping and ornamental gardening.
- Paleobotanist studying plant fossils.
- Phytopathologist studying plant diseases.
- Pomologist working with orchard plants, such as apple trees and others.
Plant growers, or farmers, require knowledge of the planting, cultivation, and harvesting of a wide variety of plant crops. Farmers must learn about farm chemicals, too. Fertilizers and pesticides are important chemicals that farmers use, but they can also be dangerous.
Agricultural engineers invent machines used in farming and show farmers how to use or repair them.
Other people who study and work with plants include gardeners, who take care of private and public gardens.
Landscape architects design plans for arranging plants around homes, buildings, parks, and highways.
Florists grow and sell plants and need to know ways of keeping them fresh and healthy.